The plantar aponeurosis (fascia) arises from the calcaneus (heel) and inserts into the toes of the foot. The aponeurosis provides static support for the longitudinal arch and dynamic shock absorption.
Plantar fasciitis is an overuse condition of the plantar fascia at its attachment to the calcaneus. Individuals with low arches (and flat feet) or high arches are at an increased risk of developing this condition. Typically, heel pain is at its worst during those first few steps after waking up in the morning.
Treatment for plantar fasciitis may include taping, orthotics, improved/new footwear (supportive shoes), shockwave, ice, massage, joint mobilisation, stretches and strength exercises. An Xray or other types of imaging is not useful. On average, time to heal takes 6 weeks.